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Sikh ( or ; Punjabi: ਸਿੱਖ, sikkhIPA: [ˈsɪkkʰ]) is the title and name given to an adherent of Sikhism. The term has its origin in the Sanskrit term śiṣya, meaning "disciple, learner" or śikṣa, meaning "instruction".
Historical importance to Sikh religion
- Bebe Nanaki (1464-1518) is known as the first Sikh. She was the elder sister of Guru Nanak Dev, the founder and first Guru (teacher) of Sikhism. Bebe Nanaki was the first to realize her brother's spiritual eminence.
- Sri Chand ( ਸ੍ਰੀ ਚੰਦ )(1494–1629)  was the first son of Guru Nanak, raised by his sister. Sri Chand was a renounciate yogi, after his father left Sri Chand stayed in Dera Baba Nanak and maintained Guru Nanak's temple. He established the Udasi order who travelled far and wide to spread the Word of Nanak.
- Mata Khivi ( ਮਾਤਾ ਖੀਵੀ ) (1506–1582) is the only woman mentioned in the Siri Guru Granth Sahib. She was the wife of Guru Angad, and established the langar system, a free kitchen where all people were served as equals. Only the best possible ingredients were used, and everyone was treated with utmost courtesy, her hospitality has been emulated over the centuries and has become the first cultural identity of the Sikhs. She helped her husband to establish the infant Sikh community on a stronger footing, and is described as good natured, efficient, and beautiful.
- Baba Buddha (6 October 1506–8 September 1631) was one of the earliest disciples of Guru Nanak. He lived an exemplary life and was called on to perform the ceremony passing the guruship on to five gurus, up to Guru Hargobind. Baba Buddha trained the sixth Guru in martial arts as a young man to prepare him for the challenges of the guruship.
- Bhai Gurdas ( ਭਾਈ ਗੁਰਦਾਸ ) (1551–1637) is one of the most eminent literary personalities in the history of the Sikhreligion. He was a scholar, poet and the scribe of the Adi Granth, he was an able missionary and an accomplished theologian. Being well versed in Indian religious thought, he was able to elaborate profoundly the tenets of Sikhism.
- Mata Gujri (1624–1705) joined the ninth Guru in his long meditation at Baba Bakala before he assumed the guruship. She gave birth to and raised the tenth guru, Guru Gobind Singh. Mata Gujri accompanied her youngest grandsons, Baba Fateh Singh and Baba Zorawar Singh to their martyrdom at Sirhind-Fategarh, and subsequently passed as well.
- Mai Bhago (ਮਾਈ ਭਾਗੋ) is one of the most famous women in Sikh history. She is always pictured on horseback wearing a turban with her headscarf gracefully flowing in the wind, courageously leading an army into battle. A staunch Sikh by birth and upbringing, she was distressed to hear in 1705 that some of the Sikhs of her village who had gone to Anandpur to fight for Guru Gobind Singh had deserted him under adverse conditions, she rallied the deserters, persuading them to meet the Guru and apologize to him. She led them back to Guru Gobind Singh Ji in the battlefield at Muktsar (Khidrana) Punjab, she thereafter stayed on with Guru Gobind Singh as one of his bodyguards, in male attire. After Guru Gobind Singh left his body at Nanded in 1708, she retired further south, she settled in Jinvara, where, immersed in meditation, she lived to an old age.
- Bhai Mani Singh (1644-1738) was an 18th-century Sikh scholar and martyr. He was a childhood companion of Guru Gobind Singh and took the vows of Sikhism when the Guru inaugurated the Khalsa in March 1699. Soon after that, the Guru sent him to Amritsar to take charge of the Harmandar, which had been without a custodian since 1696, he took control and steered the course of Sikh destiny at a critical stage in Sikh history. The nature of his death in which he was dismembered joint by joint has become a part of the daily Sikh Ardas (prayer).
- Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780 –1839) was the leader of the Sikh Empire which ruled the northwest Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century. Ranjit Singh's reign introduced reforms, modernization, investment into infrastructure, and general prosperity, his government and army included Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims and Europeans. Ranjit Singh's legacy includes a period of Sikh cultural and artistic renaissance, including the rebuilding of the Harimandir Sahib in Amritsar as well as other major gurudwaras, including Takht Sri Patna Sahib, Bihar and Hazur Sahib Nanded, Maharashtra under his sponsorship, he was popularly known as Sher-i-Punjab, or "Lion of Punjab".
- Bhagat Puran Singh( ਭਗਤ ਪੁਰਨ ਸਿੰਘ )(1904–1992) was a great visionary, an accomplished environmentalist and a symbol of selfless service to humanity. He was the founder of the All India Pingalwara charitable society which imparts service to the poor, downtrodden, the dying, and the mentally and physically handicapped people.
- Harbhajan Singh Khalsa (1929-2004) spread awareness of Sikhism in the West. Through his influence, thousands of young people adopted the Sikh faith. Harbhajan Singh's interfaith work included meetings with popes and archbishops in the 1970s and 80s, when Sikhism was little known outside of India. A number of scholars have concurred that Harbhajan Singh Khalsa's introduction of Sikh teachings into the West helped identify Sikhism as a world religion while at the same time creating a compelling counter-narrative to that which identified Sikhs solely as race with a shared history in India.
- Guru Arjun Lahore, 1606
- Bhai Dayala Delhi, 1675
- Bhai Mati Das Delhi, 1675
- Bhai Sati Das Delhi, 1675
- Guru Tegh Bahadur Delhi, 1675
- Sahizada Fateh Singh (Sikhism) Sirhind, 1705
- Sahibzada Zorawar Singh (Sikhism) Sirhind, 1705
- Bhai Mani Singh Amritsar, 1738
- Bhai Taru Singh Lahore, 1745
- Fauja Singh (Sikh leader) Amritsar, 1979
- Jaswant Singh Khalra Amritsar, 1995
Other Religious Figures
Pop and western Bhangra
Bhangra and other Punjabi Legends
Sikh nationalist leaders
Indian revolutionaries and freedom fighters
- Baba Gurdit Singh
- Baba Gurmukh Singh
- Baldev Singh
- Bhagat Singh, also known as "Shaheed-e-Azam", was a charismatic Indian socialist revolutionary whose acts of dramatic violence against the British in India and execution at age 23 made him a folk hero of the Indian independence movement
- Bhai Parmanand
- Captain Mohan Singh
- Gurdan Saini
- Kartar Singh Sarabha, an Indian Sikh revolutionary and the most active member of the Ghadar Party
- Labh Singh Saini
- Teja Singh Samundri
- Udham Singh
- Harnam Singh Saini
- Sardul Singh Kavishar
- Sardar Ajit Singh, was an Indian revolutionary, he was the uncle of sardar Bhagat Singh
- Dharam Singh Hayatpur was an Indian revolutionary, he was a prominent member of the Sikh political and religious group the Babbar Akali Movement in India
- Kartar Singh Jhabbar, was an Indian revolutionary, he was a Sikh leader known for his role in the Gurdwara Reform Movement of the 1920s
- Ripudaman Singh, an Indian revolutionary
- Baba Kharak Singh
- Bhai Balmukund was an Indian revolutionary freedom fighter
- Ram Singh, He is credited as being the first Indian to use non-cooperation and boycott of British merchandise and services as a political weapon.
- Kishan Singh Gargaj
- Sewa Singh Thikriwala
- Sohan Singh Bhakna, was an Indian revolutionary, the founding president of the Ghadar Party
- Sohan Singh Josh, was an Indian communist activist and freedom fighter
- Diwan Mulraj Chopra
- Gulab Kaur
- Sunder Singh Lyallpuri, was a General of Akali Movement
- Maya Singh Saini
- Jagbir Singh Chhina
- Achhar Singh Chhina
- Sadhu Singh Hamdard, a well-known freedom fighter and the journalist of Punjab
- Darshan Singh Pheruman, an Indian freedom fighter, Sikh activist and politician
- Jaswant Singh Rahi
- Giani Ditt Singh
- Ganda Singh, was a prominent member of the Ghadar Party
- Teja Singh Swatantar
- Gurbax Singh Malhi - former Liberal MP
- Amrit Mangat – Liberal MPP, Brampton
- Gulzar Singh Cheema – Manitoba and British Columbia Former MLA
- Gurmant Grewal – former Conservative MP, half (with Nina, listed below)
- Hardial Bains – founder and leader of the Marxist–Leninist Party of Canada from 1970–1997
- Harinder Takhar – Ontario Liberal MPP and Minister of Transportation
- Harry Bains – British ColumbiaNew Democratic
- Herb Dhaliwal – Former Liberal MP and the first Indo-Canadian cabinet minister
- Jagmeet Singh – Ontario NDP MPP / Leader of the Federal New Democratic Party
- Vic Dhillon – OntarioLiberalMPP
- Harjit Sajjan – Liberal MP, Vancouver South and Minister of National Defence (Canada)
- Navdeep Bains - Liberal MP, Minister of Education and Science
- Amarjeet Sohi - Liberal MP, Minister of Infrastructure and Communities
- Bardish Chagger - Liberal MP, Minister of Small Business and Tourism and Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
- Ujjal Dosanjh - former Premier of British Columbia, former MPP, former federal Minister of Health
- Prab Gill - MLA, Calgary-Greenway, Alberta
- Gobind Singh Deo – Democratic Action Party Central Executive Committee, Current Member of Parliament
- Karpal Singh – Chairman of DAP. Member of parliament (aka "Tiger of Julutong")
- Preet Bharara (born 1968), former U. S. attorney
- Harmeet Dhillon, Republican Party official in San Francisco
- Kashmir Gill, banker and former mayor
- Martin Hoke (born 1952), Republican politician
- Dalip Singh Saund (1899 – 1973), Democrat politician
- Harry Sidhu (born 1957), restaurateur and Republican politician
- G. B. Singh, periodontist and retired army officer
- Bhagat Singh Thind (Bhagat Singh Thind (1892 – 1967) writer, scientist, and lecturer on spirituality, involved in legal battle over the rights of Indians to obtain U.S. citizenship
- Uday Singh Taunque (1982 – 2003) soldier, KIA, bronze star winner
- Ravinder Bhalla, New Jersey politician and Hoboken mayor elect.
Mixed martial arts
- Pamela Rai, 1984 Olympic bronze medalist, 1986 Commonwealth Games gold medalist
- Ajay Banga, Billionaire; President/COO, MasterCard; ex-CEO- Citi Group-Asia Pacific
- Analjit Singh, Billionaire; founder/chairman, Max India Limited; chair, Max New York Life Insurance Company Ltd; Max Healthcare Institute Ltd and Max Bupa Health Insurance Company Ltd
- Dyal Singh Majithia, Indian banker
- Gurbaksh Chahal
- H. S. Bedi (entrepreneur), Telecom
- Jay Sidhu, Billionaire; former Chairman and CEO of Sovereign Bancorp
- Jessie Singh Saini, Billionaire; founder of BJS Electronics and notable American industrialist of Indian descent.
- Jojar S Dhinsa
- M. S. Banga, Billionaire; ex-CEO, Hindustan Lever
- Malvinder Mohan Singh, Billionaire; Ranbaxy/Fortis Group
- Mohan Singh Oberoi
- Sanjiv Sidhu, Billionaire; Founder and President of i2 Technologies
- Sant Singh Chatwal, owner of the Bombay Palace chain of restaurants and Hampshire Hotels & Resorts
- Satwant Singh, Le Meridien Hotel, DSS Enterprises, Pure Drink
- Shivinder Mohan Singh, Billionaire; Ranbaxy/Fortis Group
- Tom Singh, founder, New Look (Fashion chain)
- Trishneet Arora, author
- Vikram Chatwal, hotelier
- Kuldip Singh Dhingra - Billionaire; Owner of Berger Paints India
- Gurbachan Singh Dhingra - Billionaire; Owner of Berger Paints India
- Jasminder Singh - Billionaire
Punjabi, Hindi and Urdu
Painters and artists
Health and wellness
Science and technology
Indian Air Force
Military Gallantry Award Winners
British Indian Army
Indian Armed Forces
Param Veer Chakra
The trend of “sonrise” continued as the Congress released its third list of 23 candidates on Thursday. The ‘one family, one ticket’ rule coined by Punjab Congress chief did not bend but it brought more sons in the poll fray, including one of ruling Shriomani Akali Dal MP Sher Singh Ghubaya.
Reversing the trend of women making way for men in the family, the party settled for a wife of Congress Jalandhar MP Santhok Chaudhary instead of his son, Vikramjit Singh, to keep the number for women candidates at least at 10% of the total so far.
The list brought relief to Congress candidates on the 23 seats on second day of filing of nominations in Punjab for February 4 polls, taking the total nominees announced by the party so far to 100 out of 117.
But the suspense on some high-profile candidates continued. The name of cricketerturned-politician Navjot Singh Sidhu did not figure on the list. His wife, Navjot Kaur, has announced that her husband will contest from her seat, Amritsar East, but Congress seems to be baffled by the line and pitch of the former batsman’s next move.
Sidhu wants Congress to commit the Jalandhar Cantt seat to Pargat Singh, who had joined the Congress in November along with Sidhu’s wife.
Pargat wants to recontest from his seat after resigning as a legislator of the ruling Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) but Amarinder wants to retain the party’s candidate in 2012 state polls and his loyalist, former MLA Jagbir Brar, from the seat. Amarinder has proposed that Pargat shift base to Nakodar, but both the sporting icons would not have it any other way, party sources said.
The party also did not announce the Ludhiana East seat from where former union minister Manish Tewari is seeking a ticket and has Amarinder’s support but is facing stiff resistance from Ludhiana MP Ravneet Bittu. But another former MP Mohinder Kaypee has been rehabilitated from Adampur reserved seat.
CAPTAIN WINS SOME, LOSES SOME
It was a win some, lose some game for state chief Amarinder as he was able to ensure tickets for Akali turncoats he brought into the party fold but not for all. He was batting for former Akali leader Harry Mann from the Samana seat but he had to concede ground to senior MLA Lal Singh whose son, Rajinder Singh, got Samana. Though Lal Singh’s own seat, Sanaur, has been kept pending, he is unlikely to be allowed to become an exception to the ‘one family, one ticket’ rule. Rakesh Pandey, the other sitting MLA who had not been in named in the earlier two lists, has been retained at Ludhiana North.
As party MPs had closed ranks against the tickets to Akali turncoats, Amarinder could not secure the Phillaur seat for former Akali MLA Sarwan Singh Phillaur. The “drug taint” on Sarwan cited as the reason by the MPs, helped Jalandhar MP Santokh Chaudhary to field his wife, Karamjit Kaur, from Phillaur.
Among the SAD turncoats who made it to the list are SAD MP Sher Singh Ghubaya’s son Davinder Ghubaya, who has been fielded from Fazilka, former SAD legislator Rajwinder Kaur Baghike from Nihalsinghwala reserved seat and Kamaljit Singh Karwal, a former close associate of Bains brothers of Ludhiana, has secured a nomination from Atam Nagar against Simarjit Bains despite opposition from local Congress leaders.
There are three more son-rises other than sons of Lal Singh and Ghubaya. Major Singh Bhaini, son of former MLA Gurdeep Bhaini has got Dakha seat of Jassi Khangura, who lost in 2012 polls. Amit Vij, son of Pathankot candidate in 2012 polls, Anil Vij, has bagged nomination from his father’s seat and Arun Dogra, son of former minister Ramesh Chandar Dogra,from Dasuya seat of his father.
Here’s the complete list: All 23 names
Bhoa (SC) : Joginder Pal Singh
Pathankot: Amit Vij
Ajnala: Harpartap Singh Ajnala
Baba Bakala (SC): Santok Singh Bhalaipur
Phagwara (SC): Joginder Singh Mann
Phillaur (SC): Karamjit Kaur Chaudhary
Jalandhar North: Tejinder Bittu
Adampur (SC): Mohinder Singh Kaypee
Dasuya: Arun Dogra
Sham Chaurasi (SC): Pawan Adia
Ludhiana South: Bhupinder Sidhu
Atam Nagar: Kamaljit Singh Karwal
Ludhiana North: Rakesh Pandey
Dakha: Major Singh Bhaini
Nihal Singhwala (SC): Rajwinder Kaur Bhagike
Moga: Dr Harjot Kamal
Fazilka: Davinder Ghubaya
Balluana (SC): Nathu Ram
Kotkapura: Harnirpal Singh Kuku
Bhucho Mandi (SC): Pritam Singh Kotbhai
Maur: Harminder Singh Jassi
Dera Bassi: Deepinder Singh Dhillon
Samana: Rajinder Singh